Crypto Staking: Definition and How It Works

the word stakes flashed in a virtual button

Crypto Staking: Definition and How It Works

What is crypto staking?

What exactly is “crypto staking”? Crypto staking refers to the practice of locking up a cryptocurrency asset to gain incentives or generate interest on those holdings. Blockchain technology is the foundation upon which cryptocurrencies are based.

This technology verifies cryptocurrency transactions and then stores the data that is generated on the blockchain. The process of validating transactions on a blockchain can also be described using the term “staking.”

These validation methods may be referred to as “proof-of-stake” or “proof-of-work,” depending on the varieties of cryptocurrencies you’re working with and the technology that is supporting them. Each of these procedures contributes to the achievement of consensus in cryptographic networks, which can be defined as the verification that all of the transaction data adds up to what it should be.

However, to reach that consensus, participants are required. Staking refers to the practice where investors actively keep their cryptocurrency holdings or lock them up in their cryptocurrency wallets to participate in the consensus-taking processes of various blockchain networks. Stakers are responsible for essentially authorizing and validating transactions that take place on the blockchain.

Those investors receive a return from the networks as a result of their participation. The particulars of the incentives are going to be determined by the network.

a bitcoin being held by an unidentifiable person who is also holding a phone

To better understand crypto staking, it may be beneficial to think of it as being analogous to the act of placing cash into a savings account. The person who deposits money in a bank receives a reward in the form of interest on that money while it is held by the bank, which uses the money for other reasons (lending, etc.). Therefore, earning interest through staking coins is analogous to doing so.

How does crypto staking work?

How does the process of staking cryptocurrency work? Staking is only achievable through a consensus process known as proof-of-stake, which is a specific way used by some blockchains to pick honest participants and validate new blocks of data that are being added to the network. Staking can only be done through this mechanism.

It is made less appealing to engage in dishonest behavior inside the network by requiring certain network participants, known as validators or “stakers,” to purchase and store a predetermined quantity of tokens.

This reduces the likelihood that dishonest behavior will occur. If the blockchain were to become compromised in any manner due to malicious behavior, the price of the native token that is connected with it would most likely see a precipitous drop, and the perpetrator (or perpetrators) would be at risk of financial loss.

The “skin in the game” of the validator is the stake, which ensures that they will behave in an honest manner and for the benefit of the network. In return for their dedication, validators are rewarded with the native coin. These awards are paid in the native currency.

The more their investment, the greater the likelihood that they will propose a new block and receive the incentives for doing so. After all, the more invested you are in the outcome of the game, the more probable it is that you will play honestly.

It is not required that all of the coins belonging to a single player make up the stake. The majority of the time, validators are responsible for running a staking pool and collecting cash from a group of token holders by delegating (acting on behalf of others) to do so. This lowers the barrier to entry for more people to take part in crypto staking.

Any holder can take part in the staking process by handing over control of their coins to stake pool operators. These operators are responsible for performing all of the laborious tasks required to validate transactions on the blockchain.

To maintain order among validators, there is the possibility that they will be punished for even the most insignificant of infractions, such as remaining offline for a lengthy period, and that they may even be removed from the consensus process and have their funds confiscated.

This latter practice is known as “slashing,” and while it does not happen very often, it has been observed on a variety of blockchains, including Polkadot and Ethereum, among others.

Crypto Staking: Advantages and Disadvantages

The following is a list of advantages and disadvantages of crypto staking.


Less energy-intensive. PoS networks consume a significantly lower amount of energy compared to PoW platforms. Each mining equipment needs an uninterrupted source of electricity and consumes significantly more power than a standard PC does. On the other hand, validator nodes can also be run on a typical computer.

Simpler to accumulate reward points. The rewards for mining cryptocurrencies and staking them can be very different. In a cryptocurrency market, nearly anyone may earn some form of profit by crypto staking a little quantity.

crpto currency terms flashed unto a screen

Becoming a miner, on the other hand, frequently demands a significantly greater commitment. The next step is to purchase the appropriate computer, which may be an expensive endeavor; the next step is to learn how to operate the computer, which can be a time-consuming endeavor.

No necessary special equipment. Anyone can become a validator by utilizing a standard computer, provided they have sufficient funds and can maintain the node operating continuously. In contrast, mining calls for the use of specialist equipment.


Uncertainty regarding security. In comparison to PoW, PoS is a more recent innovation. The amount of time that developers and users have had to test it is limited, and as a result, its security capabilities are not entirely verified. Although a high hash rate creates a barrier of encrypted energy that serves to defend proof-of-work networks, it is unclear exactly how proof-of-stake networks are secured comparably.

In principle, an adversary with the necessary number of resources might very quickly seize control of a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) network.

Potential for takeover. Those who have the most tokens in their possession are in a position to exert control over PoS networks. To attack a network based on Proof-of-Work (PoW), one would need to acquire a significant amount of processing power; whereas to attack a network based on Proof-of-Stake (PoS), one simply needs money.

In addition, Proof of Stake coins are pre-mined, which means that the entire quantity is created all at once by a select group of individuals. Users have to have faith that the network’s core developers did not hoard a large number of coins for themselves or that an untrusted third party would not amass a sufficient number of coins to seize control of the network.

A greater degree of centralization. The inventor or inventors of blockchain technology intended for it to operate without a central authority. On the other hand, proof-of-stake networks may end up becoming more centralized in certain circumstances because the cost of being a validator may be higher than the cost of becoming a miner.

How to stake crypto?

How do you stake cryptocurrency? Crypto staking may appear to be a complicated process the first time you do it, but after you get the hang of it, you’ll find that it’s rather straightforward. The following is a step-by-step guide on staking cryptocurrency:

1. Invest in a cryptocurrency that makes use of the proof of stake algorithm.

The ability to stake is not available on every cryptocurrency. You will require a cryptocurrency that uses proof of stake as its transaction validation method.

To begin, you should educate yourself on any proof-of-stake cryptocurrencies that pique your interest by knowing more about how they function, the staking benefits they offer, and the staking process that is involved with each of them. The following step is to search for the cryptocurrency that you desire and then buy it via cryptocurrency apps or exchanges.

2. Move your cryptocurrency to a wallet that uses the blockchain.

When you have completed the purchase of your cryptocurrency, you will be able to access it on the same exchange where you made the purchase. There are cryptocurrency exchanges that run their very own staking systems, but only with certain coins. If this is the case, all you need to do is stake your cryptocurrency straight on the trading platform.

a man trading crypto

In such a case, you will be required to transfer your funds into a blockchain wallet, which is also commonly referred to as a crypto wallet. Wallets are widely recognized as the most secure method for storing cryptocurrencies. The downloading of a free software wallet is the method that will do this task the quickest; however, hardware wallets are also available for purchase.

After you have obtained your wallet, select the option that allows you to deposit cryptocurrency, and after that, choose the cryptocurrency that you wish to deposit. This will cause a wallet address to be generated. Go to the account you have with the exchange, and select the option to withdraw your cryptocurrency. To move your cryptocurrency from your exchange account to your wallet, copy and paste the address of that wallet into your browser.

3. Join a staking pool.

Crypto staking can be done in a variety of different ways depending on the coin, although the vast majority of cryptocurrencies employ staking pools. Crypto traders that participate in these staking pools combine their resources to increase their chances of winning staking rewards.

Conduct research into the various staking pools that are accessible for the bitcoin you now possess. Here, you should be on the lookout for a few things, including:

Reliability: If the servers belonging to your staking pool go down, you will not receive any payouts. Choose one that has an uptime that is as near to one hundred percent as possible.

Reasonable fees: The majority of staking pools charge a fee equal to a tiny percentage of the staking earnings. The appropriate range for reasonable quantities varies depending on the cryptocurrency, however, it’s typically between 2% and 5%.

Size: Smaller pools have a lower chance of being selected to validate blocks, but when they are, they tend to pay higher rewards because they don’t have to share the rewards across as many people. You don’t want to have a pool that’s too little and has a chance of failing, do you?

On the other hand, some cryptocurrencies place a cap on the total number of rewards that may be earned by a pool, which means that the most successful pools run the risk of becoming overly competitive. The majority of investors are best served by pools of medium size.

a man trading crypto currency

Once you’ve located a pool, you can stake some of your cryptocurrency in it by using your wallet. Doing so is all that is required of you before you will begin to accumulate awards.


Crypto staking is a method that allows cryptocurrency investors to put their assets to work in exchange for incentives and interest on those holdings. In addition to this, it allows you to participate in the governance and validation processes of blockchain networks, which may be something that certain investors find interesting.

It may be helpful to think of staking in the same way as owning a stock and receiving dividends, or even as putting money into a bank account and receiving interest on that money. Both of these scenarios result in monetary gain. Before you begin, it is important to conduct your research and become familiar with the potential downsides of staking.

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